There are five major oilhandling facilities in the Burnaby/Tri-Cities area of the Burrard Inlet.
Tankers fill up with crude at Kinder Morgan's Westridge Marine Terminal. About 27 per cent of the Trans Mountain 300,000 daily barrels of oil goes out over the dock, which is roughly 81,000 barrels of oil per day on average.
For every 10 tankers that leave Westridge, eight go to California, one goes to the Gulf Coast and one goes to China, although Asian exports are expected to increase with rising demand for Canadian crude abroad.
Of the four Burrard Inlet area refineries, Chevron's is the only one that is still operating as a refinery - the rest are now distribution terminals.
Chevron gets its crude from Alberta via the Kinder Morgan pipeline and makes 50,000 to 55,000 barrels of jet fuel, diesel, gasoline, asphalts, heating fuels, heavy fuel oils, butanes and propane each day. About half of that is shipped via Chevron's marine loading wharf. The refinery supplies 25 to 30 per cent of the province's gasoline, 25 per cent of the commercial diesel and 40 per cent of the jet fuel used at the Vancouver International Airport.
Suncor runs Burrard Products Terminal, which was a refinery until 1993. The terminal straddles the Burnaby-Port Coquitlam border, on the south side of Burrard Inlet. Most of the facility's petroleum products are from the Alberta oil sands and arrive already refined via the Kinder Morgan pipeline.
Suncor distributes the products on land (by train and truck) and on water via barges. Most of their products are for domestic use.
Shell used to run a refinery in North Burnaby until 1993, but now the site is a distribution terminal at the end of Kensington Avenue. (Western Canada Marine Response Corporation leases a building onsite to run its operations.)
The Shellburn Distribution Terminal has a dock where two to three vessels arrive per week; they are mostly barges dropping off product.
Shellburn gets its petroleum products already refined - via rail, barge or ship - but does not use the Kinder Morgan pipeline. The products come from the U.S. and Alberta.
Barges can also load up with products, like diesel, jet fuel and gasoline. Most of their products are for the Lower Mainland market, but they cater to some overseas customers as well.
Ioco (short for Imperial Oil Company) has a distribution terminal in Port Moody, on the North side of the Burrard Inlet.
The terminal, which was a refinery until 1995, stores bulk petroleum products that are distributed via truck and on a marine loading terminal.
The main products are marine bunker fuel, marine diesel, asphalt and bulk lubricants.
Almost all of Ioco's products arrive via railcar and are stored in tanks before being loaded on trucks or barges.
A spokesperson for Imperial Oil, also known as Esso, said the terminal serves "Metro Vancouver and beyond" but declined to provide information on where the petroleum comes from.